What you Need To Know About Coronaviruses 2019-nCoV Currently Ravaging China and Other Countries

What you Need To Know About Coronaviruses 2019-nCoV Currently Ravaging China and Other Countries

A new coronavirus discovered in China’s central city of Wuhan is currently ravaging China and other countries including United States of America, new cases have also been reported in California

Coronaviruses are not new, according to the World Health Organization. The name refers to a family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. In the past, only two cases of the virus have caused severe illness in people — Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

Coronaviruses were first identified in the 1960s, but we don’t know where they come from. They get their name from their crown-like shape. Sometimes, but not often, a coronavirus can infect both animals and humans.

Most coronaviruses spread the same way other cold-causing viruses do: through infected people coughing and sneezing, by touching an infected person’s hands or face, or by touching things such as doorknobs that infected people have touched.

The new strain, named 2019-nCoV, has been linked to over six thousand confirmed cases as of Tuesday, January 28, according to the World Health Organization. A vast majority of these cases are in Wuhan and nearby cities in Hubei province, Over 140 people have died recently as a result of this virus.

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention states that the complete clinical picture of 2019-nCoV is still not entirely clear. Although little is known about it, human-to-human transmission has been confirmed. There is no vaccine for coronavirus.

Although the strain of this disease may be new, the method of avoiding it is the same as with other respiratory illnesses, such as influenza or the common cold.

Adrian Cotton, MD, chief of medical operations at Loma Linda University Health, says it’s critical for people — especially those who are more vulnerable to sickness — to take preventative measures to keep themselves healthy. There are currently no vaccines available against coronavirus, but there are ways to reduce your risk of infection.

Cotton first stresses the importance of washing your hands. “This is the single most important thing you and your family can do to prevent the spread of a virus,” he says.

Viruses, such as the flu or coronavirus, are spread from person to person in droplets through coughs and sneezes from an infected person, Cotton says. They can also spread when a person touches fluid droplets on a surface or person and then touches their own mouth or nose.

WHO’s has listed some standard recommendations for the general public to reduce exposure to and transmission of a range of illnesses are as follows, which include hand and respiratory hygiene, and safe food practices:

  • Frequently clean hands by using alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water;
  • When coughing and sneezing cover mouth and nose with flexed elbow or tissue – throw tissue away immediately and wash hands;
  • Avoid close contact with anyone who has fever and cough;
  • If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing seek medical care early and share previous travel history with your health care provider;
  • When visiting live markets in areas currently experiencing cases of novel coronavirus, avoid direct unprotected contact with live animals and surfaces in contact with animals;
  • The consumption of raw or undercooked animal products should be avoided. Raw meat, milk or animal organs should be handled with care, to avoid cross-contamination with uncooked foods, as

“You should always practice responsible hygiene and prevention methods to best prevent the contracting and spread of any virus.

Any body that just came back from China should be properly checked.